Thursday 4 December 2014

Palais d'Egmont, Brussels



8:30-9:00: Registration & welcome coffee


9:00-9:15 - Welcome address

Sven Biscop, Director, Egmont Institute

9:15-11:00 - Plenary Session I: Where do we stand? Europe's ambitions

The Plenary session I will be simultaneously translated into French, English and Dutch.

High level speakers from the European Institutions, NATO and Member States will address the audience and introduce this day of debates. Defence in Europe will be looked through various perspectives. In the run-up of a second Defence Council to be held in June 2015, which conclusions from the December Council have been put in motion? What are the key challenges that the new European Parliament members, Commissioners and High Representative will face in the near future? From a Transatlantic perspective, the NATO Summit has redefined the position and role of the Alliance, reminding its European members of the importance of burden sharing and collective defence. The set-up of an ACSA and on-going negotiations around the TTIP will also have a strong impact on the transatlantic relationship, and are carefully monitored by all actors. Amongst these, Member States will have a crucial role to play in defining the future of Defence in Europe, and Europe’s ambitions.

9:15-9:45 - An introduction to the European geopolitical stage: is the Defence industry in Europe fit to ensure the security of its citizens ?

Michel Foucher, Chair of Applied Politics in the College of World Studies (Paris), former Ambassador and Advisor to CEIS

9:45-11:00 - Debate

Pierre Vimont, Executive Secretary General, European External Action Service
Claude-France Arnould, Chief Executive, European Defence Agency
Trevor Taylor, Professorial Research Fellow, Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI), United-Kingdom
Eduardo Rihan Cypel, Member of Parliament, Member of the Parliamentary Defence Commission, France

Moderator: Axel Dyèvre, Director Defence & Security, CEIS


11:00-11:30 COFFEE BREAK


11:30-13:00 Focus sessions

The focus sessions will be held in English.

Focus session I - Defining the scope of Defence Industry in Europe

In the past months, it has been acknowledged that an operational CSDP needs a strong European Defence Technological and Industrial Base (EDTIB). Europe’s ambitions rely on a more integrated, sustainable, innovative and competitive EDTIB. Indeed, the European defence industry contributes to the goal of non-dependency and to the global economy with important technological spill-over effects for civilian industries. Nevertheless, this ambition relies on a concept that has yet to be defined. Discussions around the definition of the EDTIB, its actors and its scope are crucial to develop a strategy for the defence industry and the security of the supply chain at a European level and to preserve the autonomy of Europe. Member States will need to agree on a common definition, used by all. Such a definition will contribute to improve the effectiveness of the sector and will increase the impact of European initiatives while maximizing the return on public investment.

Daniel Argenson Armament Counsellor, French Representation to the EU and to the NATO, France
Slawomir Tokarski, Head of Unit Defence, DG ENTR, European Commission
Col. Grzegorz Liszcz, Deputy Director of Armaments, Policy Department, Ministry of Defence, Poland
Krzyztof Soloch, Associate research fellow, Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique, France

Moderator: Matthieu Anquez, Consultant, CEIS

Focus session II - Developing capabilities in Europe: what strategy and what challenges?

In its July 2013 Communication, the European Commission highlighted the need to address the full range of capability needs to meet the many challenges Europe is facing. At the same time, the European Defence Agency (EDA) launched four programmes focusing on key capabilities needed at the European level. This focus session will be the occasion to assess the progress of these programmes and the key challenges they will face in the next months. In addition, the Commission can also make an important contribution in the field of capabilities, notably through the implementation of financial incentives. Such a role will be discussed. Finally, Member States should also discuss the possible adoption of a new Capability Development Plan, that would lay out a genuine strategy for an industrial policy in Europe. Synergies with the NATO Defense Planning Process should be found to avoid duplicating efforts.

Graham Muir, Head of Unit Strategy and Policy, European Defence Agency
Roberto Chivilo, Head of Office for industrial policy, Ministry of Defence, Italy
Daniel Fiott, Research fellow, Institute For European Studies - VUB, Belgium
Christian Mölling, Research Fellow, German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP)

Moderator: Frederik Schumann, Consultant, CEIS

Focus session III - Ensuring the future of Defence industries in Europe
One of the consequences of the economic crisis was a strong cut in national budgets. In most European Member States, defence budgets were severely impacted. R&D budgets in particular have suffered from these decisions. The future of Defence industries in Europe might be threatened, as today’s investments in research will contribute to developing tomorrow’s capabilities. The European Union expressed its will to step in by supporting research efforts in the future. Thus, the European Commission will launch a Preparatory Action for defence R&T, and has widened the scope of structural funds to the defence sector. If successful, these initiatives will promote synergies with national research efforts and encourage industrial cooperation.  As for jobs in the defence sector, some areas are already experiencing skills shortages. Last but not least, to meet these challenges, requirements must also be harmonized, and demand consolidated amongst European Member States.
Kenny Maclure, Deputy Head, Defence Equipment and Support, International Relations Group, Ministry of Defence, United Kingdom
Denis Roger, Director European Synergies and Innovation, European Defence Agency
Ulf Hammarström, Director General, Swedish Defence and Security Export Agency
Jan Joel Andersson, Senior Analyst, European Union Institute for Security Studies
Moderator: Pierre Goetz, Consultant, CEIS

13:00-14:30 LUNCH BREAK


14:30-16:15 - Plenary session II - Where are we going?

The Plenary session I will be simultaneously translated into French, English and Dutch.

Member States have shown their intent to tackle defence issues in a more comprehensive and active way. In addition, European Institutions have paved the way for concrete initiatives through the publication of Communications, road maps and the launch of capability programmes. The challenge ahead of Europe is now to put words into motion and to identify whether the willingness is there to sustain the right level of strategic autonomy in Europe. One key challenge for Member States will also be to truly commit to their declarations by dedicating sufficient financial resources for defence. Finally, will Member States and European Institutions find a balance in their policies and actions to achieve commonly this objective? It is now time to see if defence really matters.

14:30-14:45: Focus sessions' wrap-up

Axel Dyèvre, Director Defence & Security, CEIS

14:45-15:15 - The importance of raw materials for European defence industries

Gwenole Cozigou, Director, Resources Based, Manufacturing and Consumer Goods industries, DG Enterprise and Industry, European Commission

15:15-16:15 - What the future holds for the defence industries in Europe

Adm. Xavier Païtard, CEO Senior Defence Advisor, MBDA
Col. Philippe Adam, Deputy Director Euro-Atlantic Affairs, Delegation for Strategic Affairs, France
Olivier Darrason, Chairman, CEIS

Moderator: Jo Coelmont, Senior Associate Fellow, Egmont Institute


16:15-16:30 Farewell address


16:30-17:30 Networking cocktail