Tuesday 17 November - Speakers Dinner & Reception
19:00 - 21:30
Wednesday 18 November
Plenary Session "The policies and finance of civ-mil cooperation"
The EU makes much these days of its ability to exercise "smart power", and sees civilian-military cooperation as a key element of European security and defence policy (ESDP), both on European territory and in foreign theatres. What lessons have been learned from this cooperation? Do policies differ from one member state to another? How strongly do financing mechanisms affect the efficiency of civilian versus military operations? Can financial instruments of military and civilian elements be reconciled for better interoperability and efficiency?
Parallel Sessions I
Civil-military dimensions of the European Single Sky
Every day, 28,000 planes take off and land in Europe. Since 1990, European airspace capacity has increased by 80%. Military air forces, commercial airlines, and private pilots all share the same airspace, all with specific needs and constraints. , One of the key features of the Single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR), endorsed by the Council in March 2009, is a "dynamic airspace management through enhanced co-ordination between civil and military authorities". Numerous questions remain: how will the European Single Sky let civil and military aircraft share airspace in practice? How will the civil-military dimension be integrated into the Single European Sky? Can unmanned air vehicles (UAV) be safely integrated into this air traffic management system?
Better synergies for Common Security Research
To fulfil the common requirements of both civilian and military users, research on common technologies deserves further stimulus. Short of developing uniform technological solutions, how far can a common research core be developed, later to be applied to specific needs?
The European Commission, in its 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7), focuses on civil security. While synergies are being sought between the European Defence Agency's defence research and FP7 research, no formal mechanisms exist. How can such efforts be translated into practice?
Civil-military cooperation to face piracy
Europe's coastlines face a host of non-traditional threats ranging from pollution and illegal migrants to smuggling and drug trafficking which concern both civilian and military authorities. New forms of cooperation can be challenging at national level - is closer cooperation between civilian and military forces at a multinational or European levels feasible? Is the Maritime Security Centre (Horn of Africa), set up in the framework of the EU NAVFOR Atalanta, a best practice case of civ-mil cooperation?
Parallel Sessions II
EU Operations in Distant Theatres
From Kosovo to Chad, working in security, development and the rebuilding of civil society infrastructure, ESDP mission have addressed a wide range of threats and challenges. Currently, the Afghanistan theatre is a very interesting test-case which encompasses many dimensions of high intensity crisis management at the same time in the same place: National forces, NATO forces, EU capabilities, a tentative civilian-military comprehensive approach. What lessons can be drawn in terms of civil-military cooperation from these missions abroad? What have been the key strengths and weaknesses identified? Public-Private partnership is another aspect of civil-military cooperation: what tasks are or could be successfully outsourced?
Cybertheats are no longer confined to the civil security realm: attacks on governments represent a threat to national security and thus involve the military. More and more cyber-attacks are targeting military systems as well as civil ones. Are the threats against civil and military systems the same? Is a "solidarity clause" realistic to face these threats? Are laws, organisations and solutions adapted to tackle the cyber-threats?
Common platforms and systems
Civilian and military forces often use the same equipment, be it platforms or systems, with only slight modifications. Particularly in a time of economic crisis, the identification of common requirements and the potential for common procurement could save considerable financial, human and industrial resources. This could also facilitate the process of establishing common standards and lead to greater interoperability. What equipment has been successfully used by both civilian and military users, and at what cost? What future for common civil-military procurement in the EU?
Plenary Session "Can civ-mil cooperation better serve ESDP?"
How wide is the gap between the EU's rhetoric on civ-mil cooperation and the reality on the ground? European countries' military capacities are being strengthened and fine-tuned, even if at different speeds, but the task of reinforcing our civilian policing and economic development arms is much more daunting. What demonstration of political will is now required of the EU and its member government to mobilise the wide range of civilian resources that are still absent in, for instance, Afghanistan? Would the Lisbon Treaty bring solutions to problems of institutional mechanisms and thus facilitate civ-mil cooperation?
End of Conference